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Electric Vehicle

Electric Vehicle

Thu Jul 17 13:21:55 CEST 2014
Electric Vehicle
An electric vehicle is one driven by one or more electric motors. It doesn't need fuel because it runs off energy stored in batteries, which are recharged using plug-and-socket connectors. Their energy efficiency is double that of an internal combustion motor car (traditional car).
Thanks to the use of clean and efficient energy such as electrical energy, these types of vehicles are positioning themselves as the mobility alternative of the future.
It is more expensive to buy an electric car than a combustion engine car, above all of it comes with hand-crafted lithium batteries. However, an electric vehicle implies medium to long-term savings, since in addition to fuel savings (€1.5/100km recharging at night and for an average consumption of 15 kWh/100km) the maintenance costs is much lower (no oil or lubricants, wear to brakes is minimal and there are no mechanical transmissions). On the other hand, there is the savings in atmospheric emissions of CO2, and subsidies and public assistance is available within the sustainable transportation promotion plans.
According to functioning, electric cars can be classified into three models:
The Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) is made up of an internal combustion motor and a permanent-magnet electric motor. At low speeds, the electric motor runs the vehicle and releases zero emissions, and when stopped, the combustion motor turns off and does not consume gas. And when breaking, the electric motor acts as a generator to recover part of the kinetic energy.
Pluggable Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) have a hybrid battery system that allows them to travel the first several dozen kilometres of a journey using energy obtained from the electrical grid.
The third model is the entirely Electric Vehicle (EV), which significantly reduces environmental and acoustic contamination. However, these types of vehicles), which are outfitted with limited capacity batteries, are perceived as vehicles with little autonomy. From an environmental standpoint, Electric Vehicles could save up to 46% of CO2 emissions in 2050.
That's why the implementation of these types of vehicles is considered a point of synergy with renewable energies. For 2020, the European Union has set the triple objective of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 20%, reducing the consumption of primary energy by 20% and that 20% of consumption be renewable.
In Spain alone, 43% of final energy consumption comes from the transportation sector. Implementation of an entirely Electric Vehicle would substantially reduce petroleum consumption, and, as consequence, dependency on foreign energy.
The electric charge is key in order to implement this type of electric vehicle. For its part, Endesa has designed a Comprehensive Solution with the most advanced technology designed to recharge electric cars.
Endesa's Recharge Points offer the infrastructure necessary to charge an electric vehicle battery in your garage, conveniently and with the highest levels of safety. Both the Recharge Point and its installation come with a 3-year guarantee. There are also External Recharge Points where batteries can be charged. Find Endesa Recharge Points.
In terms of recharge times, this depends on the car's characteristics as well as the charge state of the battery. To fully charge the vehicle, the charge time is 6 to 8 hours, using mode 3.
There are two types of charge. The conventional charge (16 amperes) is done with a single-phase alternating current, at a maximum power of 3.7 kW. The rapid charge uses a continuous current, at a maximum power of 50 kW. At a rapid Recharge Points, an electric car will recover around 60 kM of driving distance with 10 minutes of charging.
Endesa takes care of everything. Recharge Points installation is free, so long as the standard characteristics of Recharge Point Comprehensive Solution are adhered to.
All you need to have is an Open Market rate Endesa Energy electricity supply, and a supply point that is associated with the name of the Recharge Point Comprehensive Solution contract holder. In order to contract to the Recharge Point Comprehensive Solution, you must pass a credit test. In this test you will need to provide your ID card no. and the address of the electricity supply point where you wish to install a Recharge Point. If it is necessary to perform a more complex installation, the additional cost will be budgeted directly by Endesa approved installer.
Installing the Endesa Recharge Point also means unlimited repair services (both of the point and of the installation) and a complete guarantee. You can enjoy the Recharge Point Comprehensive Solution during three years, paying €1.85/day (VAT included) during 36 months. At the end of the contract, you will have the option to buy, paying a residual value of €175.  With the Recharge Point Comprehensive Solution you can choose the Open Market electricity rate that suits you best and that is available for your consumption range.
Endesa has established a electric vehicle development policy as one of the main lines of action in the fight against climate change.
That's why we're carrying out intensely focused activities that take shape in agreements with auto manufacturers and public entities, as well as in participation in demonstration projects and I+D+I standardisation projects.